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HAL reports avionics development breakthrough
Hawk-i. © HAL

HAL reports avionics development breakthrough

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited reports the first flight of Hawk-i with an indigenous Real Time Operating System (RTOS) developed by the company.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has reported the first flight of Hawk-i featuring an indigenous Real Time Operating System (RTOS) developed by the company. The RTOS is the system software which provides a standard run-time environment for real-time applications execution in a safe and reliable manner. 

It is the first indigenous RTOS that has been developed in the country from scratch. According to HAL, it is also the first instance that an indigenous RTOS has been certified by India’s Center for Military Airworthiness & Certification (CEMILAC).

Currently, avionics systems in India are developed using commercial RTOS procured from foreign suppliers. The import of technology leads to high cost, provides very limited flexibility in incorporating new features and adaptation to new hardware platforms, HAL explains.

The imported RTOS may also be vulnerable to cyber-attacks which may compromise the safety and security of the avionics system. To overcome this dependency and achieve self-reliance, HAL decided to design an indigenous RTOS for safety-critical and mission-critical avionics systems. 

The HAL-RTOS provides a comprehensive feature set based on international specification  - ARINC-653 - to support Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) architecture. Key features include address, space and time partitioning, priority pre-emptive process scheduling and health monitoring. 

The RTOS performance has been validated on the Mission Computer of HAL’s Hawk-i trainer aircraft. The complete Operational Flight Program – which includes real-time sensor data processing, navigation algorithm computations, controls and display management and interface management – was ported and the RTOS was able to meet all its design requirements during the flight. 

With this development, the HAL-RTOS can be made as a standard Real Time Operating System for any future avionics systems development in the country.

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